Focal an Lae #280
The Word of the Day in Irish

Word: grianstad (GREE-uhn-stahd) [g′r′iːənstad]

Meaning: grianstad = solstice


History: “Grianstad” is a calque on the Latin word “solstitium”. A calque, or loan translation, takes the semantic elements of a foreign word and translates them literally into the target language. The Latin word consists of the elements “sol” (sun) and “stitium” (stoppage), and the Irish calque consists of “grian” (sun) and “stad” (stop). See Focal #279 for the etymology of “grian”.

Scottish Gaelic: grian-stad

2008-06-19 CPD