Focal an Lae #285
The Word of the Day in Irish

Word: tiarna (CHEE-uhr-nuh) [t′iːərnə]

Meaning: tiarna = lord


History: Old Irish “tigernae”, Welsh “teyrn” and Gaulish “tigernius” (summit; lord) come from Common Celtic *tigerno-, from the Indo-European root *(s)teig- (to stick; pointed). The meaning “lord” apparently involves a semantic shift from “peak, point that stands out above” to “leader, ruler”. The earliest attestations of this word in Irish are in Ogam inscriptions such as TIGIRN and VORTIGURN. Distant English cognates that go back to the IE root are “steak”, “stick” and “stigma”.

Scottish Gaelic: tighearna

2008-06-19 CPD